What does RNG stand for?
In this guide of GaymerX we will talk in depth about how the randomness of online games is guaranteed at all times thanks to random number generators.
RNG is the acronym for Random Number Generator. Specifically, the RNG is a microprocessor that generates a random sequence of numbers corresponding to a specific event or symbol within a game.
For an online casino, the concept of RNG is the equivalent of rolling dice, a dealer shuffling cards, a lottery draw, or any other "precaution" aimed at ensuring and demonstrating that the game's outcome is completely random and not manipulated.
How does a random number generator work?
This number generator, governed by a precise algorithm, produces hundreds of results per second, drawing from billions of different number combinations on a non-cyclical basis.
His activity continues uninterrupted, even outside of your gaming sessions, demonstrating that each individual result is 100% random and does not follow any repeated "pattern" or "cycle" over time.
Why do online games need to adopt an RNG algorithm?
The RNG algorithm is found in all online games played by a computer, such as those of Blackjacks , from the Roulette or of video poker .
In fact, today, even all the slot machines (both those in terrestrial and online operators) are powered by a random number generator.
The adoption of this system ensures that the outcome of your game is truly random and therefore unpredictable, in the true sense of the word. By doing so, players can approach online casinos without concerns about the fairness and reliability of their favorite games.
How reliable is RNG software?
RNG software, before ending up on online and offline casino machines, must be regularly tested by independent third-party bodies, as required by the gaming license .
Just look for the logo of certifiers, such as eCOGRA e iGamingLabs , in the footer of your favorite gaming platforms or the official sites of game providers to find out if a slot or RNG table has been tested according to the law.
We remind once again, for these reasons, how important it is to always and only rely on secure online casinos , certified by Customs and Monopolies Agency (Legal) .
Testing agency list
There are several independent companies that audit and certify games in the gambling industry.
Below you can see a list of the most popular agencies associated with Legal.
- eCOGRA ovvero, eCommerce Online Gaming Regulation Assurance, a well-known British company that tests random number generators within games, verifies software, corrects RTP, and more.
- iTechLabs : Australian company responsible for quality assurance and gaming regulation for online portals;
- Jordan Institute the only organization recognized and accredited worldwide, deals with certification and testing for various types of systems, including online gaming application integrations;
- The Game Laboratories International is a review company based in the United States, responsible for overseeing casino operations, ensuring adequate security, and verifying online gaming software.
- Technical Systems Testing : a subsidiary of Game Laboratories International, famous for its game testing and consultancy services;
- Gaming Associates : pioneers of the sector since the 90s in England and the USA, they collaborate with gaming platforms and all over the world;
- GamblingTec : firm dealing with all major areas of accounting, auditing, tax consulting, outsourcing and more.
Other important factors that cooperate with the RNG
Be careful though, the RNG algorithm is not the only mechanism that plays an important role in the various casino games.
Below we tell you about another couple of variables to take into consideration when choosing to play online.
What is hit rate or win frequency?
The hit rate, or more simply, the frequency of winning, is a number that indicates how often the winning combinations of a game can appear on our screen.
Generally speaking, the higher the number, the more often you will be successful!
That said, it should be emphasized that a high hit rate does not necessarily correspond to a slot machine or a gaming session that is more "generous," as more frequent payouts can still result in very small amounts of money (or amounts that are smaller compared to our initial investment).
Conversely, machines with a lower win frequency, and which therefore do not pay frequently, can offer larger payouts (often and willingly), as happens for example in high volatility slots .
What is RTP?Another important variable of online gaming is the RTP value.
All RNG slot machines and games also have a fixed RTP, depending on the game, the provider, and the portal where they are available.
The RTP value, or "Return To Player," indicates the fixed percentage of money returned to players, in the form of winnings, compared to the total amount played.
To understand each other, in theory one could argue that a slots with an RTP of 98% will return $98 out of $100 invested.
But be careful, because in practice it involves calculations made taking into account very long game cycles, with very wide time windows that can include many gaming sessions by different users around the world.
We should never expect to get a return of this kind when we play online. For more information on this, I suggest you also read our guide on House edge It is on Responsible Gaming .
Final thoughts on the random number generator
A Random Number Generator (RNG) ensures that online casino games are 100% fair, where every user has an equal chance of winning something.
Thanks to the RNG algorithm, game developers can focus on aspects more closely related to entertainment and the more purely playful side, such as graphics, animations, Bonuses to try out the games and all the various most innovative functions. All things that have a decisive impact on making your gaming experience enjoyable!
Finally we remind you that all the online casinos we review on our site use an RNG algorithm, as required by law.
So, if you play only on certified operators, rest assured that the result of your next bet will be completely random and independent of any possible interference!